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List of Prohibited and Restricted Activities

Lists
Businesses Which Foreigners Are Not Allowed to Operate for Special Reasons

List 1
1. Newspaper publication, radio or television station broadcastingBusinesses Which Foreigners Are Not Allowed to Operate for Special Reasons
2. Rice, field crops or horticultural farming
3. Livestock farming
4. Forestry and wood processing from natural forests
5. Fishery for the catching of aquatic animals in Thai territorial waters and in the Exclusive Economic Zone of Thailand
6. Extraction of Thai herbs
7. Trade and auction of Thai antiques or objects of national historical value
8. Manufacture or casting of Buddha images and manufacture of aims bowls
9. Trading in land
List 2

Businesses Involving National Safety or Security or Affecting Arts, Culture, Traditional Customs, Folk Handicrafts or Natural Resources and the Environment

Chapter 1 Business involving national safety or security

1. Manufacture, sale and maintenance of

(A) firearms, ammunition, gunpowder and explosives
(B) components of firearms, ammunition and explosives
(C) armaments, military ships, aircraft or vehicles
(D) accessories or components of military equipment of all kinds

2. Domestic land, water or air transport, including domestic aviation business

Chapter 2 Businesses affecting arts. culture, traditional customs and folk handicrafts

1. Trade in antiques or Thai objects of art or handicraft
2. Manufacture of wood carvings
3. Silkworm raising, manufacture of Thai silk threads, Thai silk weaving or Thai silk pattern printing
4. Manufacture of Thai musical instruments
5. Manufacture of Thai musical instruments
6. Manufacture of Thai musical instruments
Chapter 3 Businesses affecting natural resources or the environment
1. Manufacture of sugar from sugar cane
2. Salt farming, including efflorescent salt production
3. Rock salt mining
4. Mining, including stone blasting or crushing
5. Wood processing to make furniture and utensils
List 3

Businesses in Which Thai Nationals Are Not Yet Ready to Compete with Foreigners

1. Rice milling and production of flour from rice and field crops
2. Fishery, but only aquaculture
3. Forestry from cultivated forests
4. Manufacture of plywood, wood veneer, chip-board or hard-board
5. Manufacture of lime
6. Accounting service business
7. Legal service business
8. Architectural service business
9. Engineering service business
10. Construction, except

(A) construction of things providing fundamental services to the general public in respect of public utilities or communications requiring special equipment, machinery, technology or expertise, with minimum foreign capital of 500 million baht or more;
(B) other types of construction prescribed in ministerial regulations.

11. Brokerage or agency business, except

(A) brokerage or agency in trading securities or services relating to trading in agricultural commodity futures, financial instruments or securities;
(B) brokerage or agency in the purchase and sale or procurement of goods or services necessary for production or the provision of services by an affiliated enterprise;
(C) brokerage or agency in the purchase and sale, purchase, distribution or acquisition of markets, both domestic and foreign, for the distribution of domestically manufactured or imported goods, in the nature of operation of an international business, with minimum foreign capital of 100 million baht or more;
(D) other types of brokerage or agency prescribed in ministerial regulations.

12. Auctioneering, except

(A) auctioneering in the nature of international bidding other than for antiques, historical objects or objects of arts, being Thai works of art, handicrafts or antiques or objects of national historical value;
(B) other types of auctioneering prescribed in ministerial regulations.

13. Domestic trade in local agricultural products or produce not yet prohibited by law
14. Retail sale of goods of all kinds, with a total minimum capital of less than 100 million baht or a minimum capital of each store of less than 20 million baht.
15. Wholesale sale of goods of all kinds, with a minimum capital of each store of less than 1 00 million baht
16. Advertising business
17. Hotel business, except for hotel management service
18. Tour agency
19. Sale of food or beverages
20. Seed planting, reproduction or improvement business.
21. Other service business, except service businesses prescribed in ministerial regulations.
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